Vegetable Farming From its Beginnings

In order to benefit from the vegetable farming there are a few important facts to consider about these remarkable nutritious crops. 

Growing of vegetables is becoming increasingly recognized among the farmers. As a high-income crop production, vegetable farming may be a profitable business. In order to benefit from this colourful and nutritious crops, it’s important to get to know them from their sowing or planting.  

Vegetable farming is a type of crop production intended primarily for the human consumption of crop edible parts such as shoot, leaves, fruits, and roots. According to the consume part of the crop, vegetable crops are divided into the following groups: 

  • Leaf vegetables (lettuce, cabbage, spinach) 
  • Fruit vegetables (pepper, cucumber, tomato) 
  • Root vegetables (carrot, radish, sweet potato) 
  • Bulb vegetables (garlic, onion, fennel) 
  • Flower vegetables (artichoke, cauliflower, broccoli) 

Global vegetable crop production is constantly increasing in recent years.

Despite the fact that vegetable farming is a labour-intensive practice, it’s very popular among the farmers as a high-income branch of farming. The secret of vegetable farming profitability lays in its high market price of crops, as well as high demands for vegetables all year round. Moreover, growing of vegetables is also preferable farm practice in developing countries and food-insecure countries. Since vegetables are rich in vitamins, minerals, and fibres, they  play an important role in diet improvement.

Differences in Sowing and Planting of Vegetables 

Growing of vegetables starts with sowing or planting. Vegetable sowing means putting a seed directly into the prepared soil. On the other hand, vegetable planting includes the use of already grown seedlings and putting them into the soil.  Seedlings can be grown in the field or in the greenhouses 

There are two types of seedlings:  

  1. Bare root seedlings are grown in the field from the seed. Their name implies that their roots are separated from the soil when they are moved to the planting site.  
  1. Root ball seedlings are grown in pots or blocks, and moved to the planting site with the soil attached to the roots.  

Sowing is recommended practice for vegetables with delicate roots and taproots, such as carrots, turnips, and radishes. Growing of vegetables from seedlings is more appropriate in a case of slow-growing perennials, crops with fine and expensive seed, and warm-season crops.  At the same time, planting is recommended for annual vegetable crops when the soil is too cold or moist for direct sowing. For instance, onion and asparagus are vegetables that are usually planted.  

Factors that Determine the Successful Vegetable Production from the Early Beginnings 

Whether growing of vegetables is intended for fresh consumption, processing or seed production, it can be a profitable business. Yet, there are a few factors that may influence the profitability of vegetable production from its early beginnings: 

  • Seed quality; sowing of quality, clean, labeled, graded to size, viable and healthy seed can make a line between a success or failure in vegetable farming 
  • Optimal time of sowing/planting; depends on climate and environmental conditions of a certain area, as well as requirements of each crop.  
  • Method of planting; the secret of a successful vegetable farming lays in managing optimal crop requirements, by combining production of transplants in the greenhouses with planting in the field 

After all, considering the good farm management practices is a first step towards the profitable vegetable production. In that way, farming of this colorful crops can be a profitable business.  

 

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  • Tasos on December 8, 2021 @ 18:51:04

This post was created by Filip Gerin on July 20, 2021.